Leading in health care sectors and building oilfield equipment, Houston has the second most Fortune 500 headquarters of any U. municipality within its city limits (after New York City).
Nicknamed the "Space City", Houston is a global city, with strengths in business, international trade, entertainment, culture, media, fashion, science, sports, technology, education, medicine, and research.
Houston was granted incorporation on June 5, 1837, with James S. Railroad spurs from the Texas inland converged in Houston, where they met rail lines to the ports of Galveston and Beaumont.
During the American Civil War, Houston served as a headquarters for General John Bankhead Magruder, who used the city as an organization point for the Battle of Galveston.
The city has a population from various ethnic and religious backgrounds and a large and growing international community.
Houston is the most diverse city in Texas and has been described as the most racially and ethnically diverse major metropolis in the U. It is home to many cultural institutions and exhibits, which attract more than 7 million visitors a year to the Museum District. Parrott and widow of John Austin, the south half of the lower league [2,214 acres of land] granted to her by her late husband.
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By 1910, the city's population had reached 78,800, almost doubling from a decade before.In August 2005, Houston became a shelter to more than 150,000 people from New Orleans, who evacuated from Hurricane Katrina.One month later, about 2.5 million Houston-area residents evacuated when Hurricane Rita approached the Gulf Coast, leaving little damage to the Houston area.Petrochemical refineries and manufacturing plants were constructed along the ship channel because of the demand for petroleum and synthetic rubber products by the defense industry during the war. Due to the boom in defense jobs, thousands of new workers migrated to the city, both blacks and whites competing for the higher-paying jobs.The Brown Shipbuilding Company was founded in 1942 to build ships for the U. President Roosevelt had established a policy of nondiscrimination for defense contractors, and blacks gained some opportunities, especially in shipbuilding, although not without resistance from whites and increasing social tensions that erupted into occasional violence. Anderson Foundation formed the Texas Medical Center.